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HFCS sugar is a type of sugar commonly used in food preparation and processing. But not everyone knows about this type of sugar, so let’s find out through the article below.
What is the HFCS line?
HFCS stands for High-Fructose Corn Sugar, which is a sugar that is derived from corn (maize) and is high in fructose .
HFCS sugar is often used in the form of syrup (syrup) – a sweetener in food processing .
Why is it called Fructose-Rich Corn Sugar?
HFCS sugar is a type of sugar used to create sweetness in food processing and soft drinks on an industrial scale.
HFCS is called Fructose-Rich Corn Sugar because when it is specially formulated into a liquid sugar (syrup) from corn starch, the glucose contained in corn starch has been converted to fructose by enzymes added by the manufacturer.
Compared with other sugars such as granulated sugar, cane sugar, molasses, etc., fructose has only half the molecular structure of these sugars, so fructose has a faster dissolution rate and is easily absorbed. more blood .
Fructose has a sweet taste similar to the taste of a ripe grape , they are sweeter than glucose and closely resemble regular table sugar.
HFCS . production process
The main raw material for the production of HFCS is corn (maize) that has been genetically modified (GMO) . People will grind the corn to get fiber and starch. Then will collect the sweetener in this mixture, concentrate, crystallize and produce them into corn sugar or corn syrup .
To create sugar with a deeper sweetness, the glucose content in corn syrup will be converted to fructose by a chemical reaction involving a specialized enzyme.
With such a production process, the sweetness of HFCS will depend on the amount of glucose converted to fructose, the more fructose is converted, the higher the sweetness of the corn syrup will be.
This also explains the numbers printed on the package, which is the percentage of fructose in it. For example, for sugar HFCS-90, this means that it is 90% fructose and is considered the most sweet sugar on the market.
Another popular HFCS line is the HFCS-55. The composition of HFCS-55 includes 55% fructose and 42% glucose, the rest are other compounds that aid in product preservation. HFCS-55 has a sweet taste similar to regular table sugar, so it is the most used sugar in the market as well as in the preparation industry.
The difference between HFCS sugar and regular table sugar
HFCS sugar has a sweet taste similar to regular table sugar , so they are often substituted for cane sugar, refined sugar or granulated sugar. However, there are also some differences between these types.
The most obvious difference is that HFCS is usually in liquid form (syrup) and table sugar is in solid form . Because of this factor, their binding capacity is also different. Because it is in liquid form, HFCS sugar has a very low density of bonds between sugar molecules, while table sugar has a much tighter bond density.
It is this difference that in the preparation industry, people often use HFCS sugar rather than regular table sugar.
Impact of HFCS on health
According to quality management expert – Mr. Vu The Thanh , HFCS does not add fat to the body but has the risk of increasing obesity.
The only organ in the body that metabolizes fructose in large amounts is the liver. The liver converts fructose into a form usable by cells or into the bloodstream, but if fructose is overloaded, the liver converts it to a stored form as fat .
Fat if accumulated in the liver will be harmful to the body, causing fatty liver disease . They are also carried to other parts of the body as a reserve such as subcutaneous fat, waist area, abdomen, face or even blood vessels .
If too much fat accumulates in the blood, it will lead to fatty blood syndrome , in addition, high sugar also causes a number of other diseases such as type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, obesity, …
Should HFCS be used?
HFCS sugar is quite well absorbed, so careful consideration and a deep understanding of this sugar is required if you want to use them in food preparation or processing.
HFCS sugar is a fairly common ingredient in food processing, so whether or not we should use HFCS still depends on our consciousness in protecting health with scientific eating habits or not.
With information about HFCS sugar, Cfis.edu.vn hopes you will have more useful information and use HFCS sugar properly to protect your health.
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