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The contraceptive patch is a temporary contraceptive that can stop a woman from ovulating to prevent conception. This is a product that helps families to plan to have children in the future according to their intentions. Let’s learn about this sticker with Cfis.edu.vn.
What is the contraceptive patch?
The contraceptive patch has a square shape, about 4.5 cm2 in size, quite thin, and is applied directly to the buttocks, abdomen, upper back or upper arms when used. The mechanism of action of this patch is to release hormones such as: Estrogen, progestin and some other hormones to prevent ovulation.
In addition, the contraceptive patch also thickens cervical mucus, affecting the lining of the uterus, preventing contact between the egg and sperm. The contraceptive patch, if used correctly, is highly effective with a birth control rate of up to 95%.
The contraceptive patch has been approved by the Ministry of Health as a means of contraception in the group of family planning goods in Decision No. 4911/QD -BYT, November 18, 2015.
How to use the contraceptive patch?
To prevent pregnancy effectively, you need to use the contraceptive patch in the following way:
First, you carefully tear the condom and remove the birth control patch. Then, peel off the adhesive layer and do not touch the adhesive surface with your hands . Next, stick the contraceptive patch on areas such as: buttocks, abdomen, upper back, biceps, … and should choose dry, hairless skin. In particular, avoid using on the chest or damaged skin, do not use cosmetics on the skin using the product.
Use the birth control patch once a week, at different locations. For every 4 weeks (or 28 days) menstrual cycle, apply the paste regularly for 3 weeks, until the 4th week stop wearing it for menstruation to occur. After the menstrual week, apply the patch on the first day of the first week and repeat. Note that the patch must not be removed during daily activities such as bathing, swimming, exercising.
It should be noted that if the patch becomes loose and falls off, you do not need to try to reattach it, but use a new one. And if you want to get pregnant again, just stop using the patch and the egg will return after about 3 menstrual cycles.
Advantages and disadvantages of the contraceptive patch
- Simple, highly effective
- Relieve Menstrual Migraine
- Improve the condition of acne
- Helps relieve symptoms for premenopausal women
Causes side effects such as: Chest tightness, dizziness, headache, nausea, itchy skin, … Or can lead to some rarer risks such as: Heart attack, stroke, gallstones , liver tumors, causing blood clots in the legs. However, this risk is more common in women over the age of 35 or smokers.
In addition, the contraceptive patch also changes mood, changes the menstrual cycle for users.
Contraindications of the contraceptive patch
The contraceptive patch is relatively safe and effective, but it cannot avoid the side effects and risks. Therefore, there are some cases when this patch should not be used as follows:
Absolutely do not use cases:
- Pregnant or suspected of being pregnant
- Breastfeeding (within 6 weeks of giving birth)
- Have heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, liver failure, cirrhosis, liver tumor
- Subjects were 35 years of age or older or used tobacco regularly.
Cases to consider when using:
- Are taking anticonvulsant drugs such as: Phenytoin, carbamazepine, barbiturates, primidone, topiramate, oxcarbazepine, antiviral drugs, antibiotic rifampicin…
- Women who breastfeed for 6 weeks to 6 months or not for 4 weeks after giving birth.
- Have a history of breast cancer and no recurrence within 5 years
Notes when using the contraceptive patch
Some notes to know when using the contraceptive patch are as follows:
- The patch does not prevent STIs, so you need to protect yourself with additional birth control methods.
- During the first 7 days when using the contraceptive patch, you must use another backup method of contraception or stop having sex for the most effective results.
- Do not use both the patch and the oral contraceptive at the same time.
- If you have persistent bleeding while using the contraceptive patch, you should see your doctor for advice and find out the cause. Short-term bleeding should continue to be used because the bleeding caused by the contraceptive patch usually disappears after a few menstrual cycles.
Above is some useful information about the birth control patch so you can prevent pregnancy safely and effectively. Please save and remember to use it properly when needed.
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