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Loquat fruit is favored by people because of its mild sweet and sour taste, easy to eat, ingredients containing many vitamins and minerals with many health benefits. Let’s learn about what is medlar (Loquat)? And the health benefits!
What is Son Tra (Loquat) fruit?
The fruit of the camellia (Loquat) has the scientific name Eriobotrya japonica, belonging to the family Rosaceae. Son Tra is often grown as a fruit tree or as an ornamental . In each region, there is a different name such as: Western plum, Chinese plum, Japanese plum, Japanese gardenia, pipa, nispero, Maltese plum … or the familiar name is Pi Ba from Vietnam.
Loquat is said to have originated in China , then gradually spread to Asia and grown quite popularly in Japan. Loquat has more than 800 varieties , of which the most popular are: Chinese Loquat and Japanese Loquat. This day has been widely planted in many parts of the world.
Loquat has a round or pear shape but is quite small , about 2-3 cm in diameter, growing in clusters. The thin skin is usually yellow, orange or red , and may peel when ripe . Loquat fruit has a mild sweet and sour taste , so it is quite popular, often eaten fresh, dried or pureed into a powder for use.
Besides being a favorite fruit, Loquat also has many health benefits and is recommended by experts.
Nutrition facts of Loquat
In the fruit and leaves of Loquat, statistics contain 7 vitamins including: Vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B9 and vitamin C. Besides, there are also nutritional ingredients such as: Fiber, fat, protein… and minerals such as: Calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc…
Thanks to this abundant nutritional composition, Loquat has many benefits for the body such as: Supplementing essential vitamins and minerals for the body, providing energy, supporting digestion…
Health benefits of Loquat fruit
According to statistics from the medical journal The Lancet, each Loquat fruit has about 6% potassium, this mineral works to reduce pressure on blood vessels, both arteries and veins . Thereby helping to lower blood pressure and protect heart health .
In addition, potassium also helps the brain work better, because potassium stimulates more blood flow to the brain, enhancing memory .
Loquat tea is often recommended for diabetes control. Blood sugar levels have been shown to be much lower in people who consume this tea on a regular basis.
Loquat tea has special ingredients that can help manage insulin and glucose levels in the body. This greatly aids in the prevention of diabetes and helps keep blood sugar levels in check . Therefore, this tea is recommended by doctors for diabetics.
Loquat fruit extract has been shown in animal experiments to stop the progression of cancer cells at multiple stages. Including the initiation, proliferative and metastatic stages of cancer. According to a study done in Japan, Loquat leaves contain polyphenols that have the effect of inactivating human oral carcinoma cells .
According to studies published in the Archives of Pharmacal Research, Loquat leaves also have anti-metastatic and anti-cancer properties. However, more research is needed to thoroughly evaluate the ability of this plant to treat cancer.
Soothes the respiratory system
Colds and other respiratory diseases will be greatly supported by the consumption of this fruit. Chinese medicine practitioners always recommend using loquat tea to drink or gargle with the ability to soothe coughs, mucus and phlegm will be expelled from the palate .
Because bacteria can multiply and grow here, making other symptoms worse. As a result, Loquat helps to remove harmful chemicals from the respiratory system for a quick recovery .
Loquat is a rich source of vitamin C. It prevents chronic diseases by fighting bacteria and acts as a potent antioxidant. Vitamin C is also needed for collagen synthesis, which aids in the growth and repair of body tissues.
Loquat leaves also produce acids that contain antigens such as: Glycoside megastigmane and polyphenolic chemicals, both of which are resistant to bacteria. In particular, rota bacteria, which cause the common cold, are killed by triterpenes.
Protect the brain
Loquat contains powerful antioxidants, which fight oxidative damage caused by free radicals . According to the British Medical Journal (NEJM), it is one of the leading causes of dementia and neurodegeneration.
Besides, potassium mineral in Loquat helps blood flow to the brain more, enhances memory and cognition.
Control cholesterol levels
A small-scale study in Japan directly linked to the Loquat plant showed its ability to lower cholesterol in people who consumed Loquat berries and tea on a regular basis . This is one of the special benefits of this plant.
However, it still needs to be tested and studied more to be able to come up with clear evidence and accurate scientific conclusions about this benefit.
Bone mineral deficiency is a particularly serious problem for the elderly and postmenopausal women. Loquat has been found to contain large amounts of minerals such as: Calcium (2%), iron (2%), zinc (1%).
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Source: The Lancet, British Medical Journal (NEJM), Archives of Pharmacal Research
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