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What is powdered milk?
Powdered milk, also known as formula milk , is a product produced from milk in the form of dry powder. The way to do it is to evaporate the milk, then let it dry and grind it into a powder.
The purpose of production is to serve the preservation, storage and use (it will be convenient for storage, transportation and has a longer shelf life than liquid milk…).
Baby formula is a powdered milk specially produced for babies (especially infants and children under 12 months of age), with ingredients that mimic the chemical formula of breast milk and can be used as a complete substitute or 1 breast milk portion.
How many types of milk powder are there?
Talking about formula milk can be distinguished into 3 basic types : powdered milk (will be mixed with water), condensed milk (will be diluted with water) and liquid milk (can be used immediately).
There is also organic formula (taken from cows without any antibiotics). Among them, powdered milk is the most popular.
Powdered formula milk includes many types:
- Cow’s milk powder: Most babies are fine, but some are allergic to cow’s milk protein.
- Soy milk powder: Can be used for babies or babies who are lactose intolerant or allergic to cow’s milk.
- Hypoallergenic infant formula: For babies with milk protein allergies or soy milk allergies.
This is a hydrolyzed protein powder (marked on the package as “HA”), in which the proteins have been broken down to make it easier for your baby to digest and less likely to pose a threat to your baby’s immune system. Hydrolyzed milk is also often used for babies with intussusception or gastroesophageal reflux.
- Powdered milk with special formula: For low birth weight, malnourished children.
Composition and regulation of ingredients of powdered milk
Manufacturers must strictly comply with many strict regulations on the composition and commercial specifications of powdered milk or formula because it directly affects the health of babies.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), formula milk must have enough nutrients: protein, fat, linoleic acid, vitamins (A, C, D, E, K, B1, B2, B6, B12). , niacin, folic acid, pantothenic acid, calcium, minerals (magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, copper), phosphorus, iodine, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, carbohydrates, nucleotides.
In which, for example, a number of regulatory factors:
- Protein must be within the allowable limits and source of protein (soybean, cow’s milk, rice…).
- Energy and fat must be within allowable limits.
- The number and types of vitamins, minerals , and ingredients believed to be biologically active such as fish oils and probiotics…
- Maximum aluminum concentration.
- Sugar content.
- Essential Fat Ratio (LA and ALA).
- Ratio of Omega 6/Omega 3, DHA and EPA .
- Amino acid content.
- Additives, preservatives…
Can powdered milk be used as a substitute for breast milk, is it as good as breast milk?
Although powdered milk is mainly derived from cow’s milk, raw cow’s milk is not allowed for babies under 12 months old because the baby’s intestines at this stage are not yet functional enough to digest it. You can use nan supreme milk powder for babies under 6 months old.
The high casein content and low whey protein in cow’s milk can cause diarrhea, intestinal bleeding and malnutrition.
Powdered milk is the only formula approved by the medical community to replace breast milk in terms of nutrition.
However, it should be known that infant formula does not provide as abundant and beneficial antibodies to the baby as breast milk.
Powdered milk can be used in combination with or as a substitute for breast milk but cannot be compared with breast milk in terms of benefits, nutritional balance and comprehensive development for babies.
When to give baby formula milk?
Mothers should only choose infant formula when unable to breastfeed such as:
- Mother lacks milk due to geography, disease.
- Mother has disease (HIV, tuberculosis) or other infectious diseases.
- Mother uses drugs , narcotics excessively safe.
- The baby cannot breastfeed because of a birth defect.
- Baby malnutrition such as iron or vitamin D deficiency, nutritional deficiency when switching to weaning.
- The baby is allergic to the food that the mother eats…
A few notes when giving baby formula milk
Your baby may or may not be compatible with the selected formula
Often parents will have to try several brands or types of formula before choosing the most suitable one for their baby, helping the baby to digest and grow well.
How to prepare?
Must ensure the ratio of water: milk in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, otherwise it will not guarantee the nutrition and digestion of the baby when using milk.
The possibility that the baby is allergic to milk
There can be 2 cases when there are unusual signs when the baby uses milk: milk allergy and milk intolerance. These 2 conditions are completely different, but normally it is difficult for us to identify.
A medical examination will be needed for any abnormalities when your baby is using milk to determine the cause and how to choose to use it.
Reference: NutiFood Grow Plus milk powder+ 900g cans
Powdered milk is an important source of nutrition for young children, especially infants up to 1 year old. So caring and understanding about it as well as the effect or effectiveness of using infant formula will help parents have the best and safest way to choose and use it for their baby.
Information reference page: dinhduongdoisong.com
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