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Poison gardenia is a plant that can cause severe skin allergies when we come into contact with its leaves, branches or roots. Join Cfis.edu.vn to learn about the allergy of this plant as well as the causes and ways to prevent allergies!
What is poison sumac allergy?
Gardenia allergy is an allergic reaction to gardenia resin (urushiol) commonly found in the roots, branches, and leaves of the gardenia tree. Poison gardenia is considered the most poisonous plant in the United States.
They usually live in wet areas such as swamps. Skin contact with the sap can lead to irritation , redness, and burning. If you accidentally inhale the smoke of a burned tree, it can also have an adverse effect on your lungs.
Causes of poison sumac allergy
Here are a few reasons why you might be allergic to poison ivy:
- You come into direct contact with poison ivy such as touching the leaves, branches, and roots of the tree.
- You have indirect contact through clothes, blankets, etc. or come into contact with poison ivy sap on the skin of other people with inflammation and then infect the skin.
- If you accidentally inhale urushiol-laden smoke when burning gardenia, it will cause a systemic allergy, seriously affecting the lungs and eyes.
Symptoms of poison ivy allergy
If you come into contact with poison ivy, an allergic reaction will usually appear 12 to 48 hours after exposure with typical symptoms such as itching, redness, burning, and watery blisters.
In addition, you will feel short of breath, cough, and even die if you breathe in the smoke of burning poison ivy. Depending on the amount of urushiol you are exposed to and each person’s body, the reaction will be different.
How to overcome poison sumac allergy
As soon as contact with gardenia is detected, you should remove the sap from your skin immediately by washing the exposed skin with soap. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) advises washing the skin with alcohol, specialized botanical cleaners, degreasing soaps, or detergents with plenty of water.
At the same time, you should wash clothes and shoes to avoid allergic reactions and wear gloves when washing. You can apply calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream to relieve itching and burning according to the product’s directions for use.
Alternatively, you can relieve itching by taking a bath with oatmeal. You’d better go to the clinic to get a prescription for the right medication for your allergy.
Note: Avoid washing with warm water as this will cause the urushiol to spread.
How to prevent poison ivy allergy
To prevent a gardenia allergy, you can do the following:
- You should remove poison ivy with an herbicide when it is in bloom, as this is the best time to kill poison ivy. You should not burn trees because the smoke is very dangerous if inhaled.
- You should learn and identify poison ivy to avoid. Some characteristics of poison ivy such as oval leaves, tapered leaf blades, smooth or wavy leaf surfaces and leaves that change color in spring, summer, autumn and winter are light orange, light green, respectively. red and falling off.
- If participating in activities in the forest, you should wear long-sleeved clothes and stay away from trees that look like poison sumac to ensure safety.
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Source: Center for Research and Application of Ethnic Medicine
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