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Iodine for health
According to Health and Life Newspaper, Iodine helps regulate body temperature. Iodine deficiency leads to a decrease in body temperature, feeling cold while the outdoor temperature is still high.
Iodine supports the metabolism of nutrients, energy, and oxygen to the cells, keeping the body healthy.
If the thyroid gland is not replenished with iodine, it will enlarge, and the patient’s neck will swell, called a goiter . In addition, iodine also reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
For pregnant women
According to the Newspaper of Health and Life, Iodine greatly affects the development of the fetus, especially in the 3 to 5 month gestation period. Pregnant women need about 200 mcg of iodine per day.
Iodine deficiency causes retardation of fetal brain development, and infants may be born with cretinism and intellectual disability.
Pregnant women are prone to miscarriage, premature birth, pre-eclampsia, heavy bleeding at birth, stillbirth, etc. due to the ability of the thyroid gland to weaken when there is not enough iodine.
Children are in the period of brain development , if iodine deficiency easily leads to intellectual disability. Prolonged iodine deficiency seriously affects children’s brains and cannot be overcome.
Iodine also greatly affects the bone development and sex of children. Iodine deficiency in children makes the body underdeveloped both physically and physiologically during puberty.
Children’s daily iodine requirements vary according to age.
Babies 0 to 6 months need 40 mcg.
Children 7 to 12 months need 50 mcg.
Children 1 to 3 years old need 70 mcg.
Children 4 to 9 years old need 120 mcg.
Children aged 10 to 13 need 140 mcg.
And children 14 years and older need 150 mcg.
Is Too Much Iodine Harmful?
According to Health and Life Newspaper, excess iodine will be excreted by the body through urine. But too much iodine, the body can’t get rid of it, will lead to the risk of disease.
Diseases that are easily caused by iodine excess are hyperthyroidism syndrome, toxic thyroid tumor or thyroiditis.
What to eat to supplement Iodine?
According to Health and Life Newspaper, foods containing a lot of iodine should be used as seafood, sea fish, seaweed and kelp, eggs, cereals…
Iodized salt is recommended to be used to supplement iodine in daily meals. However, using too much iodized salt is also not good for health.
For children, the best source of iodine for babies is from breast milk and formula. Formula milk provides the necessary amount of iodine, ensuring the normal development of babies. Especially in the period when the body needs iodine the most.
Notes when supplementing with Iodine
Supplement enough amount of iodine needed for the body, neither too much nor too little. Pregnant women and children are the two subjects that need to be supplemented with iodine the most.
People with kidney and heart disease should not add much iodized salt. For people with hyperthyroidism, iodine supplements will make the condition worse.
Using iodized salt to add iodine to the body should be noted. Eating salty food for a long time will also cause the body to have unwanted diseases such as kidney disease, high blood pressure.
Children are encouraged to supplement Iodine with natural foods and milk.
Reference source: According to Health and Life Newspaper,
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