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Low blood pressure or low blood pressure can cause fainting or dizziness because the brain is not getting enough blood, so what is low blood pressure? How to treat low blood pressure at home? Cfis.edu.vn will answer all this information for you.
See more : What to do with low blood pressure, what to eat? How to deal with low blood pressure
What is low blood pressure?
According to Vinmec health website, hypotension is a condition in which your blood pressure drops below 90/60 mmHg, namely systolic blood pressure below 90 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure below 60 mmHg , when the pulse is below 90 mmHg. If the blood is abnormally dilated or the blood volume in the blood vessel decreases suddenly, a drop in blood pressure will occur.
Some signs of low blood pressure are: Dizziness, lightheadedness, inability to concentrate, fatigue, dizziness, heart palpitations, nausea, worse, fainting, …
How to treat low blood pressure at home
When you see a person who shows signs of low blood pressure, you should check that person has a history of diabetes, because if so, the possibility of that person having low blood sugar is very high, requiring first aid. otherwise, if not, do the following:
Step 1 Calmly, slowly place the patient to sit or lie down on a flat surface , then prop the head and legs with pillows so that the legs are higher than the head.
Step 2 If possible, give the patient a glass of ginger tea, ginseng water, coffee or condensed tea, chocolate… or salty foods will help the body feel more comfortable.
Step 3 If you can’t prepare the above foods and drinks, you should give the patient a lot of water to stimulate the heart rate to help raise the blood pressure index temporarily.
Step 4 If the patient has medication for low blood pressure prescribed by the doctor, it should be given to the patient.
Step 5 When the patient’s condition improves, help the patient sit up slowly, remind them to move their limbs before sitting up , and if the patient still does not improve, it should be taken immediately to the nearest medical facility. for prompt treatment.
Tips to treat low blood pressure easy to follow
Cure low blood pressure with nutrition
Drink a lot of water
People with low blood pressure should drink a lot of water, because this will increase blood volume, help the body avoid dehydration , thereby reducing the risk of low blood pressure.
Eat more salt
Patients with low blood pressure should eat more salt to help increase blood pressure, but should not abuse a too salty diet because it will contain the risk of heart failure, kidney failure, but need to consult a doctor. Doctor about the need for salt to eat every day to ensure safety.
Small, low-carbohydrate meals
It is recommended to divide meals, add snacks next to the 3 main meals and ensure that each meal only eats a sufficient amount, should not eat too full or let the stomach be too hungry to help limit blood concentration in the system. digestion, avoid the possibility of low blood pressure.
After each meal, you should rest from 30 minutes to 60 minutes , in addition, it is necessary to limit the consumption of carbohydrate-rich foods such as potatoes, rice, pasta, bread, …
Use ginger tea
Ginger helps to warm the body and increase heart rate, drinking a cup of ginger tea when blood pressure drops will reduce symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, dizziness, etc. It should be noted that long-term use is not recommended. because ginger is easy to cause heat and irritate the stomach.
Use licorice tea
According to a study in the British Medical Journal, the glycyrrhizic compound in licorice has the effect of increasing the levels of endogenous aldosterone , which is a hormone that causes vasoconstriction, increases salt and water retention, and helps raise blood pressure . Therefore, when you have low blood pressure, drink a cup of licorice tea.
When experiencing symptoms of low blood pressure, you need to eat a lot of fruits such as: Carrots, lemons, apples, grapes, oranges, bananas, etc. These fruits not only supplement vitamins for the body but also help circulation. more stable blood, better blood pressure regulation.
Milk is a food containing many nutrients, including vitamin B12 and folate, drinking milk will help increase blood, and anemia will easily cause a drop in blood pressure , so this is a very good drink for people with low blood pressure. pressure.
See more : 5 types of milk to help regulate blood pressure
Wear dental compression stockings
When wearing dental compression stockings, it helps to reduce the amount of blood pooled in the legs, venous blood circulation, and effectively participates in the circulation of the upper body , especially the heart and brain.
Compression stockings also help relieve pain and pressure caused by varicose veins . Therefore, wearing dental compression stockings is also quite good for people with low blood pressure.
How to change the standard posture
If you stand up and sit down too suddenly, it will easily lead to low blood pressure , so you should exercise gently , do not sit cross-legged or stand still for a long time because this action can cause blood to accumulate. in the legs causing a drop in blood pressure.
Avoid low blood pressure with exercise
Regular exercise or regular physical activity helps to improve cardiovascular function, enhance blood circulation, reduce stress, reduce stress , spend about 30 minutes a day exercising such as: Walking, exercising yoga, cycling, … are simple but effective tips to treat low blood pressure.
People with low blood pressure should avoid doing?
- Avoid lifting or carrying heavy objects.
- Avoid standing still for a long time.
- Avoid staying in a hot environment for a long time, especially avoid long hot baths or saunas: Hot showers or saunas for too long will lead to dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting because the heat dilates blood vessels in the whole body, causing blood to fall. sudden pressure drop.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages such as wine and beer.
- Avoid sudden position changes.
Notes related to low blood pressure
Regularly monitor blood pressure
You should regularly monitor your own blood pressure at home as well as those of your loved ones, in order to promptly detect health conditions, take timely monitoring and intervention measures to avoid unfortunate consequences.
Common causes of low blood pressure
- Lack of nutrition.
- Lying in bed resting too long.
- Pregnant women are prone to low blood pressure.
- Taking medications that lower blood pressure.
- Severe infection.
- Serious allergic reaction.
- Reduced blood volume.
- Have heart problems.
- Dehydration or a lot of blood loss.
- Having endocrine problems can also cause low blood pressure.
Take medicine as prescribed by your doctor
- Fludrocortisone : This drug is for patients with low blood pressure caused by dehydration, blood loss.
- Midodrine : This drug is for patients with hypotension due to causes related to autonomic nervous system dysfunction.
Hopefully, the detailed information about low blood pressure that Cfis.edu.vn summarized above will help you better understand and equip yourself with a solid knowledge for prevention as well as treatment.
Source: Vinmec expert advice by Master, Doctor Pham Van Hung – Department of Medical Examination & Internal Medicine – Vinmec Danang International General Hospital
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