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Guar gum is a product commonly used in a number of industrial applications such as paper, oil, petrochemicals, cosmetics, textiles,… Besides, Guar gum powder is also widely used in the industry. food industry such as: confectionery, beverage,… So what is this Guar gum powder and what are the benefits and harms? Please refer to the content in this article to understand better.
What is Guar Gum Powder?
Guar Gum, also known as guaran, is produced in the form of a white powder . This powder is extracted from guar seeds , of a plant grown mainly in countries such as India, Pakistan, and a small amount in the US, Australia, China and Africa.
It is a polysaccharide or long chain of linked carbohydrate molecules and includes the sugars mannose and galactose, so it is high in soluble fiber and low in calories . So this powder has the ability to dissolve, absorb water to form a gel to thicken and bind products .
Guar Gum is used as a natural emulsion stabilizer, thickener, used as a thin film to help preserve the flavor of foods and prevent oxidation. In addition, they are added to low-calorie foods to make them feel like they have fat.
Benefits of Guar Gum
Gluten-free in baked goods
Gluten is a type of protein with a slightly mucilaginous form, contained in flour, barley, … Acts as a binder, with elasticity used when making cakes and other dishes.
In gluten-free dishes and baked goods, Guar Gum works to trap water and air in place making dishes less likely to crumble .
Linking separated components from each other
Guar Gum Powder is helpful in maintaining texture consistency and thickening. Specifically, it binds thinner ingredients like water with thicker ingredients like coconut cream, oil, etc.
Therefore, Guar Gum is often used in yogurts, condensed milk, kefir, … useful in thickening and maintaining the texture of ice cream, sherbets.
Consuming the soluble fiber found in Guar Gum has a cholesterol-lowering effect, which is beneficial for people with high cholesterol levels and heart disease or diabetics.
Fiber binds to bile acids present in the body causing them to be excreted, so the number of bile acids is reduced. This causes the liver to use cholesterol to produce more bile acids, resulting in lower cholesterol levels.
Treatment of constipation
Because Guar Gum contains fiber, it will support your digestive system well . Guar Gum is also used in laxatives because it helps form stools by retaining water in the intestines, thereby promoting regular bowel movements, limiting constipation .
Reduce blood sugar
Because Guar Gum contains soluble fiber, it works similarly to other fibers. This substance slows down the absorption of sugar in the small intestine and helps lower blood sugar levels .
Help lose weight
The amount of carbohydrates in Guar Gum powder when entering the body will cause it to expand in the digestive tract, creating a feeling of fullness, reducing appetite . Therefore, it is often used as a filler or to add to dishes .
The harm of Guar Gum
Esophageal and small bowel obstruction
In addition to the filling and satiety benefits, it should be noted that Guar Gum should not be used in excess. Because when used in high doses, it will adversely affect health such as: Obstruction of the esophagus, small intestine, even leading to death.
Some people will experience an allergic reaction to this additive causing some mild digestive disorders such as: flatulence, diarrhea.
Therefore, you should limit eating foods containing Guar Gum or use Guar Gum to avoid unwanted effects.
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Source: Online Doctor
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